Periodontal disease is a tricky subject. In plain terms, this condition is permanent. Once you have acquired a periodontal disease, the damage cannot be undone. However, if you follow the instructions of your dental team you can fight the disease to a standstill. Slowing or stopping the advance of periodontal gum disease is the goal once you have this disease. It can be done in the early stages, with the proper treatment.
What is periodontal gum disease?
Periodontal gum disease is an infection of the gums. At their root, periodontal disease causes are the same as those behind gingivitis, which starts with a low-level amount of swelling and bleeding of the gums. As the disease advances, the infection can spread into the supporting tissues, and even into your bones. This causes the gums to recede from the teeth. If the supporting bone and tissue is infected and worn away, teeth can become so loose they fall out or need to be extracted.
Periodontal disease has also been correlated with increased risks of disease in other parts of the body. Heart disease and respiratory infections are both positively correlated with periodontal disease. Preventing periodontal disease, or keeping yours in check, helps to lower your chances of running afoul of these other diseases.
Signs of periodontal disease
The signs of periodontal infection start subtly. You’ll notice frequent bleeding of your gums when you brush or floss. You will have persistent bad breath and/or a bad taste in your mouth. On the other hand, it’s possible not to notice any of these symptoms and still have periodontal disease. Your dentist can diagnose it when the symptoms are still mild enough to be overlooked by you.
In more advanced stages, the symptoms include frequent infection, exposure of the roots of the teeth, and loss of mass in the jaw as the bone is eroded by infection. The fact that there is a problem will be obvious before things advance this far. At this point, a specialist will probably be required.
Periodontal disease stages
Periodontal disease starts slowly. The first sign is redness, slight swelling of the gums, and bleeding when brushing or flossing. Most people consider bleeding while flossing to be normal. The truth is that gentle pressure should not cause your gums to bleed. Rigorous brushing, flossing, and treatments from your dentist help to halt any periodontal diseases in the early stages. Aggressive treatment is required to prevent it from going further.
If periodontal disease isn’t caught in its gingivitis stage, things get worse. Gums become more swollen and eventually begin to recede. This exposes the roots of the teeth and leads to sensitivity to temperature or pressure. The gums can also form pockets that are very difficult to clean. This speeds the progression of the disease and also provides ample opportunity for cavities to form. Typically, the damage done at this stage is permanent. Treatment can halt progression, however, so things may not have to get worse.
In even more extreme cases, the bone has worn away. You are prone to abscesses and frequent foul-tasting and foul-smelling infections. Your teeth are very loose and may fall out. If they don’t, physically removing them may be your only way to treat the deep infection above the gum-line.
Periodontal disease treatment
The best treatment for periodontal disease is to attack the gingivitis at the root of the problem. This can be achieved by a thorough cleaning by your dentist. Following that, rigorous daily brushing and flossing should soon get your teeth back into top shape. Treating periodontal disease can take as little as one visit and a few weeks to see a vast improvement. Practicing good oral hygiene habits is the best change that you can make.
Periodontal gum disease treatment at the middle stages require a more invasive cleaning. The roots of the teeth are cleaned from tough tartar build up and your gums can reattach to clean roots. Because it’s more invasive than a basic cleaning, this particular treatment of periodontal disease is done with anesthetic. It frequently takes more than one visit to set your gums on the path to recovery. Unfortunately, the most advanced cases need more than this. From this point, the more advanced methods used to protect teeth and heal gums is dependent on your unique situation.
Periodontal disease can be cured only in its earliest stages. After that, you can fight to halt the progression of the disease. In the most extreme cases, however, surgical intervention and deep-root cleaning may be necessary. If you suspect a periodontal disease in your mouth, don’t hesitate to contact our office. Let us help you begin treatment for a healthy mouth.